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Mediterranean Diet Cuts Risk for CV Events, Cancer, Diabetes

(Medscape) The findings of a new review suggest that following a Mediterranean diet with no restriction on fat intake may reduce the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events, cancer, and type 2 diabetes.
"Our primary conclusion is that there is limited evidence from randomized trials that a Mediterranean diet with no restriction on fat intake may be associated with a reduced incidence of cardiovascular events, all-cancers, breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes mellitus but does not affect all-cause mortality," write Hanna E. Bloomfield, MD, MPH, from the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minnesota, and colleagues…
"Typical Western diets, which are high in saturated fats, sugar, and refined grains, are causally associated with development of cardiovascular disease, [type 2] diabetes, and some types of cancer, including breast and colorectal cancer," the authors write.
The Mediterranean diet is a fruit- and vegetable-rich diet that is high in monounsaturated fats (30% to 40% of total daily calorie intake) — in particular, olive oil — as well as legumes and fish, with a low to moderate intake of dairy and meat products. Several studies have shown its benefit in improving various clinical outcomes, including a reduction in total mortality.
Community: The best source of information on the Mediterranean diet that I’ve found is at Oldways.
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